Lesson 2 Immigration (Begin April 20 – DUE May 1, 2020)
UNIT 5 LESSON 2 – Learning Target: Examine and analyze the effects of immigration on people and the environment, and explain how it changed life for various groups in the United States. (Priority Standards listed at the bottom of the lesson…)
Mr. Hokanson (Week 3 April 20-24 & Week 4 April 27-May 1) DUE BY MAY 1st…
Instructions: Read and study the notes below. Use the notes to complete the Unit 5 Immigration Quiz… See the Lesson 1 Student Feedback at the very bottom of this page to review the last quiz and there is a link for you to do a retake as needed…
IMMIGRATION Pull Factors
- Available land
- Better life
- Religious freedom
IMMIGRANTS 1880-1920 This group of immigrants was more diverse
- Eastern Europe
- Religious Freedom
- Jews came to the US from Eastern Europe mainly to escape religious persecution.
- Job opportunities attracted people to America’s rapidly growing cities in the 1800s.
- Most Eastern European immigrants entered the US through Ellis Island.
- Immigration created a melting pot of blended cultures, & some say cultures were more of a salad bowl existing side by side.
- Many immigrants returned to their native country.
- Some immigrants refused to practice native traditions to fit in.
- Often immigrants lived in ethnic neighborhoods where they felt accepted.
- The US responded to anti-immigration feelings by establishing immigration quotas.
Why did people come to the United States of America?
- New immigrants began to arrive in the late 1800s, seeking opportunities in the United States.
- New immigrants arrived from Greece, Russia, Hungary, Italy, Turkey, and Poland in the mid 1880s.
- After 1900, immigration from Mexico, China, and Japan increased.
- People emigrated from their native countries for a variety of reasons (push factors), including: overcrowding; poverty; scarce jobs; crop failures; persecution against certain ethnic groups; & the opportunity for a better life.
- Immigrants adjusted to life in America, finding work, forming communities, and adapting to a new culture.
- Some people opposed immigration, while others appreciated the positive contributions made by immigrants.
- Immigrants and others flooded to American cities, where extremes of poverty and wealth existed.
- Growing cities suffered from health and sanitation problems, poverty, fire, and crime.
Challenges Immigrants Faced on the Great Plains
Wyoming’s Indian Reservation
HONORS – The last pandemic that struck the world was the Spanish Flu of 1918. I am sharing a video that explains that influenza that struck our ancestors many years ago. HONORS STUDENTS – Please watch if you can and share a compare and contrast writing of the similarities and differences between that and our current COVID-19 pandemic (If you have NOT already, mail your writing to me by Friday April 24th – include your name!)… VIDEO LINK – https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/films/influenza/#part01
Here is an article (4/22/2020) from the Wyoming Tribune Eagle on the Spanish Flu in Cheyenne https://www.wyomingnews.com/news/local_news/kassel-spanish-influenza-epidemic-of-1918-hit-cheyenne-rest-of-state-hard/article_8b5a8ce7-ff2c-548e-9750-5f81cd1d4913.html
8.2.2: Examine and evaluate how human expression (e.g. language, literature, arts, architecture, traditions, beliefs, and spirituality) contributes to the development and transmission of culture.
8.2.4: Explain the cultural contributions of and tensions between groups in Wyoming, the United States, and the World (e.g., racial, ethnic, social and institutional).
8.3.3 Describe the impact of technological advancements on production, distribution and consumption.
8.4.2: Describe how tools and technology in different historical periods impacted the way people lived, made decisions, and saw the world.
8.5.3: Explain how communities’ current and past demographics, migrations, and settlement patterns influence place (e.g., culture, needs, and political and economic systems) and use this analysis to predict future settlement patterns.
8.5.4: Analyze the changes to and consequences of human, natural, and technological impacts on the physical environment.
LESSON 1 STUDENT FEEDBACK – SEE THE NOTES THAT MATCH UP WITH THE QUIZ QUESTIONS!!! YOU CAN TRY IT AGAIN AT (https://tinyurl.com/qw66kzz).
UNITED STATES HISTORY UNIT 5 – WESTWARD EXPANSION – Mr. Hokanson (Week 1 April 6-10 & Week 2 April 13-17) DUE BY APRIL 17th…
- During and after the Civil War, many settlers began moving out west in search of a better life. As compared to earlier settlement, the journey was made less difficult with the railroad. (1. During and after the Civil War, many settlers began moving out west in search of…) & (2. As compared to earlier settlement, the journey westward was made less difficult with the…)
- The need for railroads expanded rapidly between 1865 and 1890. Land grants were offered to two railroad companies willing to build a transcontinental rail system, which was completed on May 10, 1869 – Union Pacific Company & Central Pacific Company. (15. What two railroad companies were given land grants to build a transcontinental railroad?)
- Two immigrant groups that were most responsible for the labor to build the transcontinental railroad were the Chinese and Irish. (3. Two immigrant groups that were most responsible for the labor to build the transcontinental railroad were the…)
- The transcontinental railroad moved goods and people quickly across the country, contributed to the destruction of the buffalo herds, and developed time zones in the United States. (4. The transcontinental railroad did which of the following?) & (9. What mostly threatened the lifestyle of Native Americans of the Great Plains and their dependence on buffalo to survive?)
- The Homestead Act offered settlers 160 acres of free land in exchange for farming the land for 5 years. (5. The Homestead Act offered settlers how many acres of free land in exchange for farming the land for 5 years?)
- The combination of free land and new transport via the railroad led to increased expansion of the west. (8. Which was a long-term effect of building the railroad across the West?)
- Farmers and ranchers helped settle the west, created industries that are still an important part of American life, but their presence led to increased conflict with Native Americans.
- The role of religion, how land should be owned and used, and educating the young for adulthood all resulted in conflict between white settlers and Native Americans. (6. What resulted in conflict between white settlers and Native Americans?)
CONFLICT IN THE WEST
- Native Americans of the Great Plains depended on buffalo to survive, but railroads threatened this lifestyle. (7. Native Americans of the Great Plains depended on what to survive?) & (9. What mostly threatened the lifestyle of Native Americans of the Great Plains and their dependence on buffalo to survive?)
- For centuries, some Native Americans lived as farmers and hunters while others lived a nomadic life, following herds of buffalo.
- Government officials wanted to ensure the safety of whites moving into Native American territory, the Great Plains.
- American hunters slaughtered the buffalo to feed railroad crews and to prevent herds from blocking the trains. The buffalo were important to Native Americans as they used almost every part of it to help them survive. (10. American hunters were hired to slaughter the buffalo to…) & (14. What parts of the buffalo did Native Americans use?)
- Conflict between Native Americans and whites grew as Native Americans were forced onto reservations. For instance, Custer’s defeat at the Battle of the Little Big Horn led to a large push to place Native Americans on reservations. (WY – Wind River Reservation) – (11. Native Americans were eventually forced onto areas of land called…)
- The U.S. policy of assimilation tried to force Native Americans to adopt white culture. (12. What U.S. government policy tried to force Native Americans to adopt white ways?)
- A battle at Wounded Knee was the last armed conflict between the U.S. government and Native Americans. (13. A battle that was the last armed conflict between the U.S. government and Native Americans?)
SUMMARY WESTWARD EXPANSION
What opened the West to settlement & conflict?
- Mining – Miners found gold in the West, leading to the creation of new states.
- Railroads – Railroads transported gold and silver to market and brought supplies to the miners.
- Settlers – Effects of the transcontinental railroad included ranchers and farmers moved west.
- Natives – Native Americans became angered with the poor land and the government’s failure to deliver on promises, which led to widespread uprisings.